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Recorded History of Twenty-one

[ English ]

Blackjack – also known as ‘twenty-one’ and ‘pontoon’ – is a game that nowadays is normally seen in a betting house with players trying their fortune on achieving the elusive ‘twenty one’. It is commonly believed that the game originated in France around the 17th century. However, as with many other gambling games the precise development of the game remains a mystery.

Blackjack was brought to the US after the French Revolution, but the game did not become popular in the betting houses until the house offered payouts as a bonus. This was the only method that appeared to get players gambling on twenty-one. One variant on the bonus payout was for a player to make ‘21′ with the blackjack card (valued at ten points) and an ace (given a value of eleven points). With the growing popularity of the game the bonus pay outs were canceled but the name ‘black jack’ remained.

Blackjack isn’t simply about achieving an outright ‘twenty-one’, but the primary challenge is to beat the croupier without busting. The betting house clearly has an edge over the gambling players over the long term, but with chemin de fer the player holds on to an element of choice.

Since 1931 when America first legitimized wagering, black jack has become a quintessential betting house game. Furthermore, it is the combination of both skill and mathematics used in blackjack that has made the game hugely liked. Pontoon provides an alluring adventure to any scientist, math guy or wagering player looking to analyze the tactic of the game.

Posted in Blackjack.

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